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ஸ்ரீமதி வழக்கை ஒன்றுமில்லாமல் செய்யும் வேலை நடக்குது!

27 Jul 2022 | NakkheeranTV

கள்ளகுறிச்சி வன்முறையில் ஈடுபட்டது தலித்துகள் மட்டுமா?

26 Jul 2022 | ARAKALAGAM TV

Tamil Nadu is the Most ‘Atrocity Prone’ State for Dalits and Scheduled Tribes, Bihar Not Far Behind

JULY 23, 2022 | NEWS 18

According to the data revealed by the Ministry of Home Affairs on July 19, Tamil Nadu has been identified as the state where most Dalits and Scheduled Tribes are subjected to various kinds of violence.

In the southern state, 345 villages in 37 out of 38 districts have been identified as ‘atrocity prone’ for crimes against the oppressed Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities. The ministry also said that 27 villages were identified as ‘atrocity prone’ in 2020.

According to a report by the The News Minute, the data was released in response to a question by Telangana Congress MP Komati Venkatreddy and Telangana Rashtra Samithi MP Manne Srinivas Reddy in the Lok Sabha.

According to the report, in a reply to an RTI, filed by a Madurai-based NGO Evidence, it was revealed that between the year 2016-200, a total of 300 murders in incidents of various caste-related violence across the state of Tamil Nadu, whose victims were mostly from the Dalit community. All those murders were registered under the provisions of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2015.

According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, many states have identified as the ‘atrocity prone’ areas including Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

In law, there are certain Acts and sections that specifies the delineation of ‘Identified Areas’ which are Section 21(2) of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) (POA) Act, 1989 and Rule 3(1)(i) of the POA Rules, 1995.

According to a report in The News Minute, Telangana has the second highest number of villages (66) after Tamil Nadu in south India where Dalits and STs are vulnerable and subjected to atrocities. These include Nizamabad Commissionerate which has as many as 18 villages followed by Bhadradri Kothagudem 17, Ramagundam Commissionerate 9, Nalgonda 6, Rachakonda Commissionerate and Mahabubnagar 5 each, Adilabad 4, Narayanpet and Jagtial 1 each.

Other Indian States

Following are the other States and their districts which have been identified as atrocity prone:

  • Karnataka (3): Urban, Kalaburgi and Yadgir.
  • Bihar (34): Patna, Nalanda, Rohtas, Bhabhua, Bhojpur, Buxer, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada, Aurangabad, Saran, Siwan, Gopalganj, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, West Champaran (Betia), West Champaran (Bagaha) East Champaran (Motihari), Vaishali, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Saharsa, Madhepura, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Sheikhpura, Begusarai, Khagaria, Katihar, Jamui and Araria.
  • Odisha (19): Angul, Bolangir, Balasore, Bhadrak, Boudh, Cuttack, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Jagatsinghpur, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Kendrapara, Keonjhar, Nuapada, Puri, Rourkela, Rayagada, Subarnapur, Bhubaneswar Urban Police district.
  • Rajasthan (11): Bharatpur, Shri Ganganagar, Tonk, Alwar, Ajmerl, Pali, Barmer, Hanumangarh, Sikar, Baran and Nagaur
  • Madhya Pradesh (11): Indore, Vidisha, Morena, Bhind, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Ashoknagar, Narsinghpur, Hoshangabad, Harda and Betul
  • Gujarat (11): Mehsana, Ahmedabad Rural, Junagadh, Kutch, Banaskantha, Kheda, Amreli, Rajkot Rural, Surendranagar, Vadodara Rural and Bharuch
  • Jharkhand (10): Giridih, Saraikela, Chatra, Khunti, Garhwa, Dumka, Chaibasa,Palamu, Lohardaga and Ranchi

Total of 101 villages in 2 districts of Chhattisgarh are atrocity prone. And in Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, two areas are listed as atrocity prone.

Tamil Nadu Most ‘Atrocity Prone’ State For Dalits, SCs And STs In India, Bihar Follows

July 23, 2022 5:34 PM IST | INDIA.COM

Chennai: Tamil Nadu’s 37 districts out of 38 have been identified as areas where most Dalits and Scheduled Tribes are subjected to various kinds of violence. Data revealed by the Ministry of Home Affairs on July 19 showed that as many as 345 villages in 37 districts of Tamil Nadu are ‘atrocity prone’ for crimes against the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities.

The data was released in response to a question by Telangana Congress MP Komati Venkatreddy and Telangana Rashtra Samithi MP Manne Srinivas Reddy in the Lok Sabha.

An RTI reply had earlier revealed that between 2016- 2020, a total of 300 murders in incidents of various caste-related violence across Tamil Nadu were registered under the provisions of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2015, The News Minute reported. The victims in most of these incidents were members from the Dalit community. The RTI was filed by Madurai-based non-governmental organisation (NGO) Evidence.

What Are ‘Atrocity Prone’ Areas?

Section 21(2) of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) (POA) Act, 1989 and Rule 3(1)(i) of the POA Rules, 1995 specifies the delineation of ‘Identified Areas’ (commonly known as ‘Atrocity Prone Areas’) where members of SC/ST are vulnerable to being subjected to atrocities and prescribes adoption of necessary measures to ensure their safety.

According to the data released by Ministry of Home Affairs, the state governments of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands have identified the atrocity prone areas.

Across the country, followed by Tamil Nadu, Bihar has 34 districts identified as atrocity prone. The details of the villages in each district have not been specified.

States and Districts Identified As Atrocity Prone:

The villages in following districts of the given states have been identified as ‘Atrocity Prone’ by the state governments:

States Districts
Odisha (19) Angul, Bolangir, Balasore, Bhadrak, Boudh, Cuttack, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Jagatsinghpur, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Kendrapara, Keonjhar, Nuapada, Puri, Rourkela, Rayagada, Subarnapur, Bhubaneswar Urban Police district
Rajasthan (11) Bharatpur, Shri Ganganagar, Tonk, Alwar, Ajmerl, Pali, Barmer, Hanumangarh, Sikar, Baran and Nagaur
Gujarat (11) Mehsana, Ahmedabad Rural, Junagadh, Kutch, Banaskantha, Kheda, Amreli, Rajkot Rural, Surendranagar, Vadodara Rural and Bharuch
Madhya Pradesh (11) Indore, Vidisha, Morena, Bhind, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Ashoknagar, Narsinghpur, Hoshangabad, Harda and Betul
Jharkhand (10) Giridih, Saraikela, Chatra, Khunti, Garhwa, Dumka, Chaibasa,Palamu, Lohardaga and Ranchi
Bihar (34) Patna, Nalanda, Rohtas, Bhabhua, Bhojpur, Buxer, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada, Aurangabad, Saran, Siwan, Gopalganj, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, West Champaran (Betia), West Champaran (Bagaha) East Champaran (Motihari), Vaishali, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Saharsa, Madhepura, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Sheikhpura, Begusarai, Khagaria, Katihar, Jamui and Araria

Apart from these, Among the southern states, after Tamil Nadu, Telangana has the highest number of villages (66) in south India where Dalits and STs are vulnerable and subjected to atrocities. Andhra Pradesh has 53 villages, 3 districts in Karnataka including Bengaluru Urban.

Chhattisgarh has two districts in which 101 villages are atrocity prone. In Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, two areas are listed as atrocity prone.

Violence against Dalits: Barring one, all districts in Tamil Nadu are ‘atrocity prone’

JULY 21, 2022 - 15:03 | thenewsminute

Data revealed by the Ministry of Home Affairs said that an overwhelming 345 villages in 37 out of Tamil Nadu’s 38 districts have been identified as ‘atrocity prone’ for crimes against the oppressed SC and ST communities.

Tamil Nadu has been identified as the state where most Dalits and Scheduled Tribes are subjected to various kinds of violence. Data revealed by the Ministry of Home Affairs on July 19, Tuesday said that an overwhelming 345 villages in 37 out of Tamil Nadu’s 38 districts have been identified as ‘atrocity prone’ for crimes against the oppressed Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities. Among its seven commissionerates, 27 villages were identified as ‘atrocity prone’ in 2020, the Ministry said. The data was released in response to a question by Telangana Congress MP Komati Venkatreddy and Telangana Rashtra Samithi MP Manne Srinivas Reddy in the Lok Sabha.

An RTI reply had earlier revealed that between 2016- 2020, a total of 300 murders in incidents of various caste-related violence across Tamil Nadu were registered under the provisions of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2015. The victims in most of these incidents were members from the Dalit community. The RTI was filed by Madurai-based non-governmental organisation (NGO) Evidence.

According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, the state governments of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands have identified the atrocity prone areas. Section 21(2) of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) (POA) Act, 1989 and Rule 3(1)(i) of the POA Rules, 1995 specifies the delineation of ‘Identified Areas’ (commonly known as ‘Atrocity Prone Areas’) where members of SC/ST are vulnerable to being subjected to atrocities and prescribes adoption of necessary measures to ensure their safety.

Telangana leading in south states after TN
Among the southern states, after Tamil Nadu, Telangana has the highest number of villages (66) in south India where Dalits and STs are vulnerable and subjected to atrocities. Of these, Nizamabad Commissionerate in the state has as many as 18 villages followed by Bhadradri Kothagudem 17, Ramagundam Commissionerate 9, Nalgonda 6, Rachakonda Commissionerate and Mahabubnagar 5 each, Adilabad 4, Narayanpet and Jagtial 1 each.

Similarly, Andhra Pradesh has 53 villages classified as ‘atrocity prone’. Among them, East Godavari district (including Rajahmundry urban district) has the highest number with 47 villages; Kadapa district has 5 villages and Srikakulam has 1 village.

Three districts in Karnataka – Bengaluru Urban, Kalaburgi and Yadgir – have also been identified as atrocity prone.

In Bengaluru Urban, Basavalingappa Nagar Sampigehalli, Bagalur, Bandikodigetialli and Kothanuru Malleswaram have been identified as ‘atrocity prone’. Two villages in Kalaburgi and four villages in Yadgir have been identified.

Country-wide scenario
Across the country, followed by Tamil Nadu, Bihar has 34 districts (Patna, Nalanda, Rohtas, Bhabhua, Bhojpur, Buxer, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada, Aurangabad, Saran, Siwan, Gopalganj, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, West Champaran (Betia), West Champaran (Bagaha) East Champaran (Motihari), Vaishali, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Saharsa, Madhepura, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Sheikhpura, Begusarai, Khagaria, Katihar, Jamui and Araria) identified as atrocity prone. The details of the villages in each district have not been specified.

Odisha has identified 19 districts (Angul, Bolangir, Balasore, Bhadrak, Boudh, Cuttack, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Jagatsinghpur, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Kendrapara, Keonjhar, Nuapada, Puri, Rourkela, Rayagada, Subarnapur, Bhubaneswar Urban Police district), Rajasthan has 11 districts (Bharatpur, Shri Ganganagar, Tonk, Alwar, Ajmerl, Pali, Barmer, Hanumangarh, Sikar, Baran and Nagaur), Madhya Pradesh 11 districts (Indore, Vidisha, Morena, Bhind, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Ashoknagar, Narsinghpur, Hoshangabad, Harda and Betul) and Gujarat too has 11 districts (Mehsana, Ahmedabad Rural, Junagadh, Kutch, Banaskantha, Kheda, Amreli, Rajkot Rural, Surendranagar, Vadodara Rural and Bharuch). Jharkhand has 10 districts (Giridih, Saraikela, Chatra, Khunti, Garhwa, Dumka, Chaibasa,Palamu, Lohardaga and Ranchi). Chhattisgarh has two districts in which 101 villages are atrocity prone. In Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, two areas are listed as atrocity prone.

RSS பள்ளிகள்! அரசுடைமை ஆக்குவாரா ஸ்டாலின்?

18 Jul 2022 | Liberty Tamil

The long, dark shadow of Melavalavu lingers on

JULY 09, 2022 14:49 IST | THE HINDU

25 years after the horrific massacre in which elected dalit members of the Melavalavu panchayat were killed, the ground reality is that very little has actually changed. Small improvements aside, the enmity is alive and the threat of caste violence remains alive
The Melavalavu massacre, 25 years ago, was a grotesque expression of caste hatred and violence, and remains one of the most gruesome incidents of caste supremacy asserting itself over humanity, one that will not be forgotten. The incident unfolded at Melavalavu village in Melur near Madurai on June 30, 1997, resulting in the murder of seven persons of the Scheduled Castes (Paraiyars) for daring to contest in the elections to the local bodies reserved for these communities against the diktat of caste Hindus (Kallars). They included the elected panchayat president, K. Murugesan, 35, and vice-president K. Mookan (6 persons died on June 30 and 1 person a week later).

The fact that these audacious murders were committed by caste Hindus after reportedly declaring at a meeting in the village that ‘A Dalit may become the President of India [K.R. Narayanan was then the President], but no Dalit can become the president here’ shocked the collective psyche of Tamil Nadu. Political observers say the incident reiterated the need for a strong Dalit-centric political party to articulate their views within the dominant, all-encompassing ‘anti-Brahmin’ politics propounded by the influential Dravidian movement, its leaders and Dravidian parties. In a way, the immediate starting point of this particular conflict can be traced to the passing of the Tamil Nadu Panchayats Act, 1994, after the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution was introduced in 1992. This led to the post of Melavalavu panchayat president being reserved for the Scheduled Castes. The law gave the Scheduled Castes an unprecedented access to constitutional power and authority at a place where it had been historically unavailable to them. However, unintentionally it also turned out to be a spark to the powder keg of caste equations in Melavalavu.

The tradition of exploitation

The reason was that the Scheduled Castes were locked in an unequal relationship with the dominant Kallars, one of the three sub-castes of the Thevars that band together as ‘mukkulathor’. This meant subjugation in a tradition termed ‘Kudikallar murai’, in which there was exploitation of (the Scheduled Caste) labourers in the properties of Kallar families in exchange for taking care of their material and other needs. This form of exploitation, Dalit scholars say, continued (and continues in a highly diluted form) as part of local culture and tradition for many generations.

It is in this context that the caste Hindus considered the panchayati raj law — which envisaged ‘the Gram Sabha as the foundation of the Panchayati Raj System to perform functions and powers entrusted to it by the State, and provides for a three-tier Panchayati Raj system at the village, intermediate and district levels’ — as a threat to their culture and tradition with potential to fundamentally alter the unequal and advantageous social relations between the Scheduled Castes and themselves. Incidentally, Mr. Murugesan’s family is said to have broken free from the ‘Kudikallar’ tradition at least a generation earlier.

In the June issue of the Neelam magazine, two articles have explained the traditions of ‘Kudikallar’ and ‘Nadu (country)’ related to the Kallars in regions like Melur and have given a detailed account of what had happened in the run-up to the elections and the murders.

Remembering Melavalavu massacre
Writer and Dalit intellectual Rajangam, who has authored one of the articles, said that in the ‘Kudikallar’ tradition, the Kallar families take a Dalit family under their wings and ensure that their needs are taken care of. “In turn, the Dalit families have been made to work in their homes for generations. The Dalit families are not mistreated as long as they don’t cross the boundaries and the rules. For example, they do not enter through the front door; they cannot fall in love with someone in the Kallar household. Even the smallest of transgressions would result in severe punishments. It is an unequal, exploitative relationship — it was not just an economic but also cultural exploitation. The exploitation was justified as tradition.”

Mr. Rajangam said the ‘Kudikallar’ tradition had lost its teeth over time because of the political awareness created by Dalit organisations and leaders. “Other factors such as Dalits finding work in the West Asian countries and managing to achieve economic parity [with dominant castes] markedly changed the situation. Education and political awareness have also spurred social change,” he said.

He said the notion that Kallars perceive themselves as head of a region (usually head of a group of villages) could probably explain their sharp reaction in the Melavalavu issue. “They also perceive themselves as the head of the ‘Nadu’ (usually a collection of villages) where democratic laws or modern political thoughts do not apply. The only law that applies is the law of the dominant castes. The Nattars (people with powers to manage community resources) and Dalits have very definitive rules and laws to follow. This tradition, along with the ‘Kudikallar’ tradition, was challenged by modern laws and political ideas. Hence, there was a contradiction in society,” he said.

Researcher Poiyamozhi Murugan has published a detailed account of what had happened in the run-up to the elections and how Murugesan was monitored, tracked and eventually killed while returning in a bus. When the elections were announced and the post was reserved for the Scheduled Castes, the caste Hindus called a meeting in the first week of September 1996 and issued a dire warning to the Scheduled Castes against contesting in the elections. The caste Hindus had continuously threatened those who wanted to contest over the next few months.

The Dalit youths, who were determined to contest in the elections, had boycotted the meeting during which the Dalit elders were warned. The threats and intimidation prompted Murugesan to lodge a complaint with the National Human Rights Commission and the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The investigation of the allegations by officials from New Delhi further angered the caste Hindus.

Later on, with the encouragement of government officials and the police who assured them of protection, the Scheduled Caste candidates filed their nominations. The elections which were announced on October 10, 1996 and December 29, 1996 were postponed. When the elections were held, the caste Hindus indulged in booth capture. The officials finally managed to hold elections on December 31, 1996.

‘Melavalavu massacre, a milestone for Dalit movement’
With the Kallars boycotting the elections, Murugesan and his aides Mookan, K. Raja (Murugesan’s brother), O. Sevukamoorthy, K. Chelladurai and Boopathy were elected. Murugesan was killed, along with his aides, on June 30, 1997, six months later, by caste Hindus while returning in a bus after a meeting with the Collector in Madurai to seek financial compensation for a fire attack on Dalit homes and police protection. Murugesan was decapitated and the head was thrown into a well.

Speaking at the 25th anniversary event, Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi founder and president Thol. Thirumavalavan recalled that he was taken aback by Murugesan’s audacity when he asked him about the threats that he had been facing. “He was very sure of contesting for the post of the panchayat president. He said ‘even if they take my head, I will contest’. In a way, the Melavalavu issue was responsible for the VCK entering electoral politics,” he said.

Several reports of the incident said it was a well-planned murder: the whereabouts of Murugesan and his aides were constantly monitored. The members of the caste Hindus involved in the attack got into the bus and were sitting on the roof. It is believed that the victims were first attacked by some persons with a knife to injure them so that the perpetrators could identify those with blood stains and kill them with machetes.

சாதி வெறியர்கள் மண்டியிட்டு மன்னிப்பு கேட்கும் காலம் விரைவில் வரும்

1 Jul 2022 | Velicham TV

பூர்வகுடி மக்களை சாகடித்த லிஸ்ட் வேணுமா?

22 Jun 2022 | Liberty Tamil

மஹேந்திர கம்பெனி அக்னி பத் போராட்டத்தை ஏன் எதிர்க்கிறது?

21 Jun 2022 | ARAKALAGAM TV
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